We generalize the deterministic simulation theorem of Raz-Mckenzie, to any gadget which satisfies a certain hitting property. We prove that Inner-product and gap-Hamming satisfy this property, and, as a corollary, we obtain deterministic simulation theorem for these gadgets, where the gadget's input-size is logarithmic in the input-size of the outer function. This yields the first deterministic simulation theorem with a logarithmic gadget size, answering an open question posed by Goos-Pitassi-Watson.

Saks and Wigderson [FOCS 1986] conjectured that $R_0(f)=\Omega(D(f)^{0.753\ldots})$ for all Boolean functions $f$. We show that for the pointer function $GPW_{r \times s}$ defined by Goos, Pitassi, and Watson [FOCS 2015], the following hold:
$R_1(GPW_{r \times s})=\tilde\Theta(r + s)$ and
$R_1(\overline{GPW_{r \times s}})=\tilde \Theta(r + \sqrt{r}s)$,
where $R_1$ denotes the randomized one-sided error query complexity. These results imply that (i) $R_0(GPW_{s^2 \times s})=O(D(GPW_{s^2 \times s})^{2/3})$, thereby refuting the conjecture of Saks and Wigderson, and (ii) $R_1(GPW_{s \times s})=\tilde O(R_0(GPW_{s \times s})^{2/3})$, thereby providing a polynomial separation between the randomized zero-error and one sided error query complexity measures.

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